Friday, April 24, 2015

ARTICLE (2015) Leveraging the power of a Twitter network for library promotion

Title:
Leveraging the power of a Twitter network for library promotion

Authors:
Jason Shulman, Jewelry Yep and Daniel Tomé 

Published in The Journal of Academic Librarianship, available online 30 January 2015

Abstract:
The Twitter network of two academic libraries was analyzed to determine the influential accounts that connect to them. Such information can be exploited by libraries to create tailored social media outreach and information dissemination programs. Three network metrics, measuring different definitions of importance, were calculated for each account in the network. This allowed for the quantification and ranking of the accounts by influence/importance, normally considered to be qualitative and subjective. By all measures, accounts associated with the institutions, and not faculty, staff, or students, were found to be the most influential players in the networks of both libraries, suggesting that this is a general feature of academic library Twitter networks. Furthermore, the library, as an institutional account itself, is also influential to the broader Twitter community of its home institution. This demonstrates that the library is in a key position to propagate information from sister accounts at the institution.  

ARTICLE (2015) The Velocity of Verbiage: Speed as an Element in Serving Academic Library Students

Title:
The Velocity of Verbiage: Speed as an Element in Serving Academic Library Students

Author: 
Bruce Massis

Published in New Library World, volume 116, issue 5/6, May 2015
DOI: 10.1108/NLW-10-2014-0128

Abstract:
New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The purpose of this column is to comment on the enhanced expectation by academic library students who require increased speed of reference and research support where limited time and increasing distractions are a constant concern. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings The speed of access and delivery of information stand as dual support pillars in today’s academic on-ground and digitally-driven library setting. The librarian must surely be cognizant of many a customer’s expectation that “instant gratification takes too long.” Originality/value The value in addressing this issue is to suggest that, while there is an expectation that students will always receive a successful outcome in their reference or research interaction with an academic librarian, students must likewise recognize that quality must not be sacrificed in favor of the speed. 

TEDTalk VIDEO (12:28) Susan Etlinger: What do we do with all this big data?

Putting enterprise content where people work

Source: KMWorld, by Lauren Trees, 31 March 2015

APQC recently conducted a six-month research study, “Connecting People to Content”, to find out how organizations can adapt to this brave new world. Our goal was not to compare systems—there’s already a lot of vendor information out there—but to highlight ways that firms can anticipate content needs and link people to the best information to support their jobs. To that end, we focused on four scope areas: creating compelling content, managing it throughout its lifespan, ensuring resources are findable and accessible, and understanding the interplay between content and social channels.

Through the study, APQC identified 20 best practices associated with connecting people to content in an enterprise setting. The research combines insights from a broad survey with in-depth data collected from five organizations identified as “best practice:” EY, MetLife, MWH Global, Nalco (an Ecolab company) and Wipro. The full report details how we selected the best-practice organizations and all their practices across the content lifecycle, but for this article, we’ve opted to share key findings related to making content accessible and delivering it to employees when, where and how they need it.

Read full article  

Aboriginal Australian Art Tells the Most Important Ancient Stories

An Aboriginal man prepares to perform the traditional "Welcome to Country" ceremony in Sydney
  Image: David Gray/Reuters 

Source: Newsweek, by Nina Caplan, 22 April 2015

In 1770, a ship called The Endeavour made land in a lovely cove not yet called Botany Bay, observed by Gweagal men. Spears were waved on one side; shots fired on the other. An Aboriginal man was wounded. When the arrivals picked up the fleeing men’s belongings, they found not weapons but fishing equipment. And so began the history of white Australia, soon to be spattered with such tragic communication failures like bloodstains on a beach.

Some of the artefacts retrieved by the first explorers found their way to the British Museum and are now on show in a landmark exhibition, Indigenous Australia: fragile, beautifully worked spearheads and painted shields that would have scotched the idea of ignorant savages scraping a living off indifferent land, for those who had eyes to see.

VIDEO (55:40) Aspen Ideas Festival -- The Public Library Reimagined

Published on Jul 9, 2014
The Public Library Reimagined - As we move deeper into the digital age, the public library is transforming itself for a knowledge-based society, and a new and more comprehensive vision for the public library is taking root. Networks of people and knowledge, not shelves full of books, will be at the center of the library and its mission. In the creative design of both its physical and virtual spaces, the public library will come to define what makes a great public space.

"The Public Library Reimagined" took place on June 29, 2014 in Aspen, Colorado, as part of the Aspen Ideas Festival's Metropolis track. Sommer Mathis (Editor, Atlantic CityLab) moderated a panel with Brian Bannon (Commissioner, Chicago Public Library), Tessie Guillermo (President & CEO, ZeroDivide), and John Palfrey (President, Board of Directors of the Digital Public Library of America and Head of School, Phillips Academy). 

VIDEO (1:52) Pacif-i: Bluetooth connected baby pacifier/dummy

DiracDelta Science & Engineering Encyclopedia


http://www.diracdelta.co.uk

Featuring dozens of categories – from Algebra to Audio, from Thermodynamics to Trigonometry – this science and engineering encyclopedia by the consulting firm DiracDelta won’t disappoint. 


For a fun jaunt, click the Read More Quotes link, which displays famous extracts from scientists and philosophers. For instance, this quip from Niels Bohr:“An expert is a person who has made all the mistakes that can be made in a very narrow field.” Then browse the site for Subjects (listed in alphabetical order), Calculations, and Conversions. This last section is particularly helpful when considering complex conversions to and from metric measurements.

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

TEDTalk (19:03) Telling the African Story: Komla Dumor at TEDxEuston

Ancient Hangover Cure Discovered in Greek Texts

This recently translated papyrus, dating back to the second century, contains a recipe for several ailments, including a "drunken headache. Credit: Photo courtesy Egypt Exploration Society

Source: LiveScience, by Owen Jarus, 21 April 2015

Hiding a hangover in ancient Egypt would've taken some work. Rather than popping an ibuprofen for a pounding drunken headache, people in Egypt may have worn a leafy necklace.

That's according to a newly translated and published papyrus written in Greek with the recipe for a "drunken headache" cure. 

Read full article 

BOOK (2014) Fast Forward: The Technologies and Companies Shaping Our Future

Authors: Jim Mellon and Al Chalabi
Publisher: Fruitful Publications, 31 August 2014
360 pages
ISBN-10: 0993047807
ISBN-13: 978-0993047800

Jim Mellon & Al Chalabi's explosive new book 'Fast Forward'. As the pace of technological progress intensifies, agile businesses and entrepreneurs are discovering new applications that take advantage of faster and cheaper computer processing power. The status quo is being upended across all industries, and in some cases totally new industries are being created. Fast Forward is a book that filters this chaotic landscape and identifies the areas that will have the greatest impact to our lives, highlighting investment opportunities along the way. These disruptive technologies span the fields of robotics, transportation, the changing internet, life sciences, 3D printing and energy, all of which are experiencing tremendous growth. With their previous books published over the past 9 years, Mellon and Chalabi have established an excellent track record of recognizing investment opportunities before they become mainstream, starting with forecasting the Great Recession in 2005, and identifying gold as an excellent hedge. More recently, they have written about life sciences, and their recommended stocks in "Cracking the Code" have outperformed every major market in the world.  

Wikipedia editing rules in a nutshell



Source: BBC News, by Matthew Wall, 22 April 2015

In the wake of a Wikipedia row between the Guardian and Conservative Party chairman Grant Shapps, what are the editorial rules governing this massively popular online encyclopaedia?

Read full article 

SOUTH AFRICA - Free Wi-Fi comes to Soweto

Source: fin24, by Gareth van Zyl, 22 April 2015

Soweto is one of South Africa's most densely populated areas, with over one million residents. All major local mobile networks have a presence in Soweto as they tap the area’s voice and data services market.

But Vilakazi, who is the chairman of non-governmental organisation (NGO) Soweto Wireless User Group (SOWUG), is part of a team that has piloted a free Wi-Fi project in ten spots in Soweto.

Read more  

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

BOOK (2015) Meaningful Metrics: A 21st Century Librarian's Guide to Bibliometrics, Altmetrics, and Research Impact

Authors: Robin Chin Roemer and Rachel Borchardy for ACRL
Publisher: ACRL, 2015
250 pages, Softcover
ISBN-13: 978-0-8389-8755-1

What does it mean to have meaningful metrics in today’s complex higher education landscape? With a foreword by Heather Piwowar and Jason Priem, this highly engaging and activity-laden book serves to introduce readers to the fast-paced world of research metrics from the unique perspective of academic librarians and LIS practitioners.

Starting with the essential histories of bibliometrics and altmetrics, and continuing with in-depth descriptions of the core tools and emerging issues at stake in the future of both fields, Meaningful Metrics is a convenient all-in-one resource that is designed to be used by a range of readers, from those with little to no background on the subject to those looking to become movers and shakers in the current scholarly metrics movement. Authors Borchardt and Roemer, offer tips, tricks, and real-world examples illustrate how librarians can support the successful adoption of research metrics, whether in their institutions or across academia as a whole.  

New Archive Creates - global access to rare African photos

Source: Michigan State University, 21 April 2015

Hoping to preserve cultural heritage and change Western thought on Africa, a Michigan State University researcher will use a $300,000 National Endowment for the Humanities grant to digitize 100,000 original black-and-white negatives of Mali’s most important photographers, dating from the 1940s.

Candace Keller, assistant professor of African art history and visual culture, is collaborating with MSU’s MATRIX: The Center for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences and the Maison Africaine de la Photographie in Bamako, Mali, to create the Archive of Malian Photography.

Once complete, the publicly accessible, free database will provide valuable documentation of the modernization of Western Africa, featuring family portraits and photos of military activities, diplomatic visits, political events, national monuments, architecture, cultural and religious ceremonies and other aspects of popular culture, she said.

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By digitizing, cleaning and rehousing the negatives, Keller and her team hope to protect them from further climatic damage caused by flooding, extreme temperatures, dust and poor storage conditions. In addition, providing access to only low-resolution photos renders them unusable in print – yet still accessible for research and scholarship – thereby protecting photos from further exploitation on the global market.

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Keller’s current two-year project is the second phase of the Archive of Malian Photography project. She and her team have already digitized 28,000 Malian photos using a grant from the British Library Endangered Archives Programme. 

Read complete announcement   

CloudConvert - Convert Anything to Anything



https://cloudconvert.com/

Features include: 


a) 205 formats supported - CloudConvert supports the conversion between more than 200 different audio, video, document, ebook, archive, image, spreadsheet and presentation formats. Check the supported formats for more details; 

b) File conversion in the cloud - There is no need to install any software on your computer!  

Japan robot receptionist welcomes shoppers

Humanoid ChihiraAico, clad in a Japanese kimono, greets a customer at an entrance of a department store in Tokyo, on  20 April 2015 

Source: Phys.org, 20 April 2015

She can smile, she can sing and this robot receptionist who started work in Tokyo on Monday never gets bored of welcoming customers to her upmarket shop.

Read more   

SOUTH AFRICA - Zwelithini should face the consequences (by Max du Preez) [xenophobia]

Max du Preez
Source: News24, by Max du Preez, 21 April 2015

Fewer than two out of 10 South Africans see King Goodwill Zwelithini as their king. And yet we taxpayers pay him about R60m per year to keep his bloated household going and he behaves as if he really is the national monarch who is above the law and our constitution.

South Africans should not simply sweep Zwelithini’s reckless statements on foreign nationals, the most obvious trigger of the latest wave of xenophobic attacks, under the carpet. Any influential public figure guilty of such provocative, irresponsible utterances should be forced to face the consequences of his actions.

Read more  

SOUTH AFRICA - Smart ID pilot project to start in May

Image: Duncan Alfreds, Fin24

Source: fin24, 21 April 2015

Cape Town – Smart ID cards are planned to be available from First National Bank (FNB) and Standard Bank in May as part of a pilot project, according to the Department of Home Affairs.

Earlier this year Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba said major banks are planned to take applications for new smart card IDs.

Read more  

Monday, April 20, 2015

WHO Leadership Admits Failings Over Ebola, Promises Reform

World Health Organization (Reuters)

Source: Reuters via NDTV, 20 April 2015

Geneva:  The World Health Organization has admitted serious failings in its handling of the Ebola crisis and pledged reforms to enable it to do better next time, its leadership said in a statement seen by Reuters on Sunday.

Read full article  

AMD CEO Says Windows 10 Will Launch ‘At The End Of July’

Source: TechCrunch, by Alex Wilhelm, 20 April 2015

Buried in the question-and-answer section of AMD’s earnings call this past Friday was an interesting note on the release timing of Windows 10. According to AMD CEO Lisa Su, Windows 10 should be released in late July.

Read more  

ARTICLE (2015) Tools for Discovering and Archiving the Mobile Web

Title:
Tools for Discovering and Archiving the Mobile Web 

Authors:
Frank McCown, Monica Yarbrough and Keith Enlow

Published in D-Lib Managazine, volume 21, number 3/4, March/April 2015

DOI: 10.1045/march2015-mccown 
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/march15/mccown/03mccown.html 

Many websites are adapting their content for users who are accessing the Web using smartphones and tablets. The growth of this Mobile Web has required web archivists to change their practices in order to collect this ephemeral web content. We have created a tool called MobileFinder which can be used to automatically detect mobile pages when given the URL of a desktop web page. We used this tool in an experiment to gauge what techniques popular websites are currently using to expose mobile content, and we incorporated the tool into Heritrix to demonstrate its usefulness to the web archiving community.  

We don't need digital detox, but there is a need to rethink our relationship with technology

Source: Phys.org, by Natasha Mauthner, 20 April 2015

We all know the scare stories. Growing numbers of people are becoming addicted to the internet and constantly checking their digital gadgets. They are steadily disconnecting us from real life, real relationships and real meaning. To this supposed problem of digital dependence, an antidote has been emerging: the "digital detox" retreat. Companies are advertising technology-free resorts, holiday packages, city breaks and summer camps.

Read more  

Mini 3D printed organs mimic beating heart and liver

Source: New Scientist, by Sandrine Ceurstemont, 20 April 2015

With the help of a 3D printer, mini human organs can come in all shapes and sizes. In this video, a cluster of tiny hearts – shown on the right – beat in sync, and another pulsing heart is fused with a spherical, darker-coloured liver.

Developed by Anthony Atala and his team at the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the mini-organs represent the first step in developing an entire human body on a chip.

T.H. Tsien, 105, Dies; Scholar of Chinese Books Rescued 30,000 of Them

T. H. Tsien was one of the world’s renowned scholars of Chinese bibliography and paleography, the study of ancient writing. Image: University of Chicago 

Source: The New York Times, by Margalit Fox, 19 April 2015

T. H. Tsien, a scholar of Chinese books and printing who in 1941 risked his life to smuggle tens of thousands of rare volumes to safety amid the Japanese occupation of Shanghai, died on April 9 at his home in Chicago. He was 105.

Read full article  

Journalist's Resource - Research On Todays News Topic


http://journalistsresource.org/

Based at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, the Journalist’s Resource project examines news topics through a research lens. They surface scholarly materials that may be relevant to media practitioners, bloggers, educators, students and general readers. 


Their philosophy is that peer-reviewed research studies can, at the very least, help anchor journalists as they navigate difficult terrain and competing claims. 

In 2013 the American Library Association named them one of the best free reference Web sites. 

Their weekly email and Twitter feed serve to highlight the latest studies from academia that can inform public discourse. 

BOOK (2015) The Purpose-Based Library: Finding Your Path to Survival, Success, and Growth

Authors: John J Huber and Steven V Potter
Publisher: ALA Neal-Schuman, 2015
224 pages; Hardcover
ISBN-13: 978-0-8389-1244-7

In the years since John Huber’s trailblazing Lean Library Management was published, budget pressures on libraries have only increased. Yet libraries who have adopted his strategies have turned conventional management thinking—that if budgets are reduced, customer service suffers—on its head. These libraries have proven that by streamlining and improving customer services, they can eliminate wasteful activities and bring down costs. In The Purpose-Based Library, Huber and seasoned public library administrator Potter build on insight gleaned from decades of experience to demonstrate how libraries can create real growth opportunities through concentrating on their true mission and purpose, and without spending a lot more money. With a focus on putting ideas into action, they point the way towards
  • New ways to think about metrics
  • Reexamining customer self-driven services
  • Effectively leveraging the considerable footprint of libraries
  • Identifying and assessing community needs and realigning library services accordingly
  • Actively encouraging community fundraising
  • Offering cutting-edge services and programs
Packed with boots-on-the-ground commentary, this book presents strategies to help libraries survive and succeed.

ARTICLE (2015) The interplay of affective and cognitive factors in information seeking and use: Comparing Kuhlthau’s and Nahl’s models

Savolainen, R. (2015) The interplay of affective and cognitive factors in information seeking and use: Comparing Kuhlthau’s and Nahl’s models. Journal of Documentation, 71(1), 175 - 197. 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/toc/jd/71/1

The purpose of this paper is to elaborate the conceptual picture of the relationships between the affective and cognitive factors in information seeking and use.  

VIDEO (4:53) NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Museum Edition

VIDEO (47:41) Immortality Within Our Reach by Aubrey de Grey, author & theoretician in gerontology, SENS Research Foundation

BOOK (2015) Are the Androids Dreaming Yet?: Amazing Brain. Human Communication, Creativity & Free Will

Author: James Tagg
Publisher: Hurst Farm Books, 4 January 2015
436 pages
ISBN-10: 1910464031
ISBN-13: 978-1910464038

How Alan Turing invented the computer, helped win world war II and left us with one of the greatest puzzles of our time: are humans simply computers or are we more than that? Many scientists think we have a tenuous hold on the title, “most intelligent being on the planet”. They think it’s just a matter of time before computers become smarter than us, and then what? This book charts a journey through the science of information, from the origins of language and logic, to the frontiers of modern physics. From Lewis Carroll’s logic puzzles, through Alan Turing and his work on Enigma and the imitation game, to John Bell’s inequality, and finally the Conway-Kochen ‘Free Will’ Theorem. How do the laws of physics give us our creativity, our rich experience of communication and, especially, our free will? — James Tagg. 

Saturday, April 18, 2015

Moo0 File Shredder - Erase Private Files Perfectly

Moo0 File Shredder lets you easily erase your private/secret files perfectly off your HDD. This kind of tool is "must have", since all of your private data is usually recoverable by anybody even after you delete it. 

This program is made very easy to use, and you just need to drag and drop your private files/folders onto the window. It currently supports 4 levels of erasing methods depending on how important the file deletion is to you.

To download Moo0 File Shredder:
http://www.moo0.com/software/FileShredder/   

Digital Literacy: New Literacy?

Source: Forbes, by Scott Hartley, 6 March 2013

Access to information, and changing norms around opportunity are altering the landscape of education. Concurrently, the old paradigm of earning a degree to sufficiently signal qualification –in perpetuity– is changing.

We live in a dynamic world where skills, and not degrees, are our access, not our assets. The shelf life is shorter, the half life faster. We live in a world where new lower-cost form factors like mobile have brought the whole world online, and into scope. With scope comes universal opportunity, and also broader competition. The Android user in India or Africa will soon micro-task away commoditized skills.

Read full article 

Six Kinds of Curiosity: And How You Can Use Them to Change Your Life

Source: Change This, by Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, 15 April 2015

“Curiosity is an incredible tool. But what I realized, what really inspired my desire to write A Curious Mind with Charles Fishman, is that most people don’t use their curiosity with a sense of purpose and understanding—with insight about curiosity itself. 

Read more  

ERCA - Educational Research Center of America


http://www.studentresearch.org/

ERCA is a not-for-profit research organization committed to helping high school students and their families consider all of their future options, including community colleges, four-year institutions, vocational opportunities, and career choices.  

Turkey's National Library archives renovated


Source: Daily Sabah, by Burcu Çalik, 17 April 2015

Regarded as Turkey's "National Treasure," the National Library of Turkey has more than 350,000 books and documents rotting in storage. However, these works have now been brought to light thanks to an initiative by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. The organizing and cataloging of these 350,000 books and documents, which are rare and unique, is almost complete.

Read more  

Goebbels' estate sues Random House for diary royalties

Goebbels was minister of propaganda in Nazi Germany

Source: BBC News, 18 April 2015

The estate of Adolf Hitler's propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels, is suing a publisher for royalties for the use of extracts from his diaries.

A biography of Goebbels published by Random House quotes extensively from Goebbels' diaries, which are copyrighted until the end of this year.

Read more  

SOUTH AFRICA - Which SA smartphones are popular with thieves?

Source: fin24, by duncan Alfreds, 17 April 2015

Owning a smartphone brings with it an inherent possibility of theft, and knowing which phones are most at risk could be a significant factor in buying decisions.

According to Vodacom's insurance arm, theft and loss make up 60% of claims, followed by physical damage which comes in at 35%, and liquid damage at 5%.

Read more 

Friday, April 17, 2015

Ebola Virus Found In Survivor's Semen 6 Months After Negative Blood Test


Source: Medical Daily, by Dana Dovey, 17 April 2015

Traces of the Ebola virus have been found in the semen of an Ebola survivor six months after being declared virus-free. Doctors are now working to uncover whether or not this is an isolated occurrence, but for the time being health officials are advising all Ebola survivors to either abstain from sex or use condoms until more information is available.   ­

WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic told AFP in an email that the man, whose identity has not been disclosed, was declared Ebola-free in September via a negative blood test, but his semen sample tested positive for Ebola 175 days later.

Read more  

ARTICLE (2015) Searching for explanations: how the Internet inflates estimates of internal knowledge

Fisher, M., Goddu, M., & Keil, F. (2015). Searching for explanations: how the Internet inflates estimates of internal knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000070

As the Internet has become a nearly ubiquitous resource for acquiring knowledge about the world, questions have arisen about its potential effects on cognition. Here we show that searching the Internet for explanatory knowledge creates an illusion whereby people mistake access to information for their own personal understanding of the information. Evidence from 9 experiments shows that searching for information online leads to an increase in self-assessed knowledge as people mistakenly think they have more knowledge “in the head,” even seeing their own brains as more active as depicted by functional MRI (fMRI) images. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved) 

Paper and Phones Could Soon Diagnose Ebola and HIV for $1

Diseases may soon be tested for via paper and smartphones
Image: GETTY

Source: Newsweek, by Conor Gaffey, 16 April 2015

Diseases such as HIV and Ebola are on the verge of being diagnosed almost instantly using paper-based technology costing less than $1.

The devices, known as biosensing platforms, are made from cheap materials including plastic film and cellulose paper. Results are captured using a smartphone camera and sent back to hospitals or clinics for immediate diagnosis.

ARTICLE (2015) Data literacy: in search of a name and identity

Koltay, T. (2015) Data literacy: in search of a name and identity. Journal of Documentation, 71(2), 401 - 415.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JD-02-2014-0026

The role of data literacy is discussed in the light of such activities as data a quality, data management, data curation, and data citation. The differing terms and their relationship to the most important literacies are examined. The paper aims to discuss these issues. 

Moore's Law: Beyond the first law of computing


Source: BBC News, by Leo Kelion, 17 April 2015

Computer chips are arguably both the most complex things ever mass produced by humans and the most disruptive to our lives.

So it's remarkable that the extraordinary pace they have evolved at was in large part influenced by a three-page article published 50 years ago this weekend.

Read more  

BOOK (2015) How business works: a graphic guide to business success

Title: How business works: a graphic guide to business success
Publisher: Penguin Books
Published: March 2015
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9780241006931

Defines and explains the key concepts behind business, finance and company management.
 
With the right knowledge, business does not have to be difficult. Do you know the difference between profit margin, gross profit and net profit? What is cash flow or a limited company? How Business Works answers hundreds of questions and is an invaluable reference for anyone wanting to learn about business.
 
This unique guide explains complex business concepts using simple, easy-to-understand language while defining hundreds of business terms such as stocks and shares, limited companies, partnerships and bond issues. Essential know-how is offered on everything from starting a small business to marketing your company and building your teams.
 
No other business book explains the subject visually and in such a concise and immediate manner.  

New genetic mutation could signal start of malaria drug resistance in Africa


Source: Medical XPress, 17 April 2015

Early indicators of the malaria parasite in Africa developing resistance to the most effective drug available have been confirmed, according to new research published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

Read more  

Common Crawl - Open Repository of Web Crawl Data Composed Of Over 5 Billion Freely Available Web Pages


http://www.CommonCrawl.org/

The Common Crawl Foundation is a California 501(c)(3) registered non-profit founded by Gil Elbaz with the goal of democratizing access to web information by producing and maintaining an open repository of web crawl data that is universally accessible and analyzable. 


Their vision is of a truly open web that allows open access to information and enables greater innovation in research, business and education. They level the playing field by making wholesale extraction, transformation and analysis of web data cheap and easy. 

The Information Seeking Behaviour of Distance Learners: A Case Study of the University of London International Programmes

Title:
The Information Seeking Behaviour of Distance Learners: A Case Study of the University of London International Programmes

Authors:
Sandra Tury, Lyn Robinson and David Bawden

Published in The Journal of Academic Librarianship, online 29 March 2015
doi:10.1016/j.acalib.2015.03.008

Abstract:
An examination of the information behaviour of distance learning students is described, based on a case study of the International Programmes of the University of London. A comprehensive literature analysis, and comparison of relevant information behaviour models were carried out, supported by a survey of student behaviour. Following a pilot study, the main survey gained responses from 649 students, in 81 countries and following diverse study programmes. A variety of inter-related factors were found to influence information behaviour, level and subject of study being most significant. Ease and speed of access, and familiarity of sources were predominant factors. An extension of Wilson's information behaviour model is proposed to cater for the specific features of the distance learning context.

Absence of copyright has its own economic value, social benefits

Source: Phys.org, by Phil Ciciora, 14 April 2015

A new study co-written by a University of Illinois expert in intellectual property law demonstrates that the value of creative works in the public domain such as books, images and music can be estimated at least as precisely as the value of commercially available copyrighted works.

The implications of the study for both copyright term extension and orphan works legislation are substantial, says law professor Paul Heald.

Read more 

Thursday, April 16, 2015

Ethical implications for looking up applicants on facebook

Source: Medical Xpress, 16 April 2015

Looking up students on Facebook and social networking sites (SNS) is associated with serious ethical concerns, according to a perspective piece published in the March issue of the Journal of Graduate Medical Education.

Deva M. Wells, from the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, discusses the issues relating to use of SNS in evaluating applicants to medical schools and residency programs.

Read more  

Intellectual property in 3D printing

Source: Phys.org, 16 April 2015

The implications of intellectual property in 3D printing have been outlined in two documents created for the UK government by Bournemouth University's Dinusha Mendis and Davide Secchi, and Phil Reeves of Econolyst Ltd.

The reports, commissioned by the UK Intellectual Property Office, provide an assessment of 3d printing with the aim being to determine whether the emerging technology will have an impact on intellectual property law.

Read more 

Volunteers needed for 81st IFLA World Library and Information Congress, 15 - 21 August 2015 in Cape Town


LIASA is calling for applications from interested parties to serve as volunteers at the 81st IFLA World Library and Information Congress, to be held from 15 - 21 August 2015 in Cape Town. Apply online and upload your CV  here. The closing date for applications was extended. 

Click here for more information  

Major developments for Pan African University

Source: University World News, by Maina Waruru, 10 April 2015

The Pan African University Institute for Space Sciences to be hosted by South Africa is on course to enrol its first students in January 2016, completing the creation of research and PhD training nodes for Africa’s five regions and ending years of politicking. A decision has also been made to base the continental university’s headquarters in Cameroon.

Read full article   

AUSTRALIA - Closing the gap : Prime Minister's report 2015 / Australian Government

TitleClosing the gap : Prime Minister's report 2015 / Australian Government
Author(s)Australia. Government; Australia. Dept. of the Prime Minister and Cabinet;
Date2015
DescriptionThis is the seventh Closing the Gap Report produced since targets were set by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 2008. The report shows that although there has been some improvement in education and health outcomes for Indigenous Australians, most Closing the Gap targets are not on track to be met. The Government is continuing to focus on reform of Indigenous affairs and the positive impact that this will have on the Closing the Gap targets. There is a strong emphasis on practical actions to get kids to school, adults into work, make communities safer and advancing constitutional recognition. (Website abstract)
Publication detailsDepartment of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Subject(s)Education; Government policy; Health; Social conditions;
URL(s)http://www.dpmc.gov.au/pmc-indigenous-affairs/publication/closing-gap-prime-ministers-report-2015 

Gartner's 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2015

Each year, Gartner compiles a list of the top technology trends that have the potential to affect individuals, businesses and IT organizations during the next three years. Gartner's 2015 top 10 strategic technology trends are the prime enablers behind new digital business opportunities. Their disruptive power stems from merging virtual and physical worlds, the growth of intelligence everywhere, and the emerging new realities of IT.

Read full report 

OVUM Report - 2015 Trends to Watch: Higher Education: Leveraging IT to benefit the institutional mission

From the Summary of the report:

A growing number of institutions are looking to increase efficiency and student satisfaction as higher education budgets continue to be strained and the market continues to be unpredictable. 

Ovum believes that the business trends to watch in 2015 will be the expansion of delivery models for teaching and learning, progress with student experience strategies, and the improved use of IT for the benefit of the institutional mission. Change in higher education is incremental, and although these trends will not take firm hold for some time, 2015 will be the year of conversation about readying for change.

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Spanish Activists Stage A Protest Consisting Entirely Of Holograms


Source: io9, by George Dvorsky, 13 April 2015

In what is being called the world's first virtual political demonstration, Spanish activists have used holograms to protest a controversial new law limiting the rights and freedoms of protestors.

Read more and watch a video 

The UNESCO/IFLA School Library Manifesto

The school library is essential to every long-term strategy for literacy, education, information provision and economic, social and cultural development. As the responsibility of local, regional and national authorities, it must be supported by specific legislation and policies. School Libraries must have adequate and sustained funding for trained staff, materials, technologies and facilities. They must be free of charge.

Click here to read the UNNESCO/IFLA School Library Manifesto  

NMC Horizon Report > 2015 Higher Education Edition

The NMC Horizon Report > 2015 Higher Education Edition is a collaborative effort between the NMC and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI). This 12th edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education. 

Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six important developments in educational technology are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving campus leaders and practitioners a valuable guide for strategic technology planning. The report aims to provide these leaders with more in-depth insight into how the trends and challenges are accelerating and impeding the adoption of educational technology, along with their implications for policy, leadership and practice. View the work that produced the report at www.horizon.wiki.nmc.org.

> Download the NMC Horizon Report > 2015 Higher Education Edition PDF   

Star Wars The Force Awakens trailer: Han Solo returns - Official Trailer (2015)

Source: BBC News, by Christian Blauvelt, 16 April 2015

The internet blew up like the Death Star when the second teaser for Star Wars: Episode VII - The Force Awakens hit YouTube on 16 April. Fans of George Lucas’ space opera cheered the new footage of what is inarguably the most anticipated film of 2015 – especially since it featured the return of Harrison Ford as Han Solo, the roguish captain of the Millennium Falcon who in effect created the template for the modern Hollywood action hero.

The trailer boldly sets out the mission statement for The Force Awakens, which is scheduled to be released worldwide 18 December: to honour Star Wars’ rich storytelling legacy but not just recycle old tropes. Instead it’s about capturing a feeling of discovery, of new worlds, new characters and new ideas.

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Increased television viewing linked to language delay in toddlers

Image: Ian Turk (Creative Commons) 
Source: PsyPost, by Brooke Meyer, 11 April 2015

Television is one of the most commonly-viewed forms of media throughout the world. The ever-increasing popularity of television has made it a common feature in nearly every home. Recently, researchers have begun to look at how television may be beneficial or detrimental.

Considering that childhood is a time of rapid learning and development, children may be especially impacted by watching television.

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Gapminder - Fact Based Worldview


http://www.gapminder.org/

Gapminder is a non-profit venture promoting sustainable global development and achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals by increased use and understanding of statistics and other information about social, economic and environmental development at local, national and global levels. 


They are a modern “museum” that helps making the world understandable, using the Internet.  

Charlie Hebdo's Charb publishes posthumous book on Islam


Source: BBC News, 16 April 2015

A book written by the late editor of French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo, Stephane Charbonnier - known as Charb - is set to be published posthumously.

The book, which upholds the right to ridicule religion, was finished two days before Charb was killed by Islamic militants in January, publishers say.

It argues that the fight against racism is being replaced by a misguided struggle against "Islamophobia".

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