Thursday, October 23, 2014

BOOK (2014) A Dangerous World?: Threat Perception and U.S. National Security

Editors: Christopher A Preble and John Mueller
Published: Cato Institute, 7 October 2014
224 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1939709400

In 2012, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey contended that “we are living in the most dangerous time in my lifetime, right now.” In 2013, he was more assertive, stating that the world is “more dangerous than it has ever been.” Is this accurate?

In this book, an edited volume of papers presented at the Cato Institute’s Dangerous World Conference, experts on international security assess, and put in context, the supposed dangers to American security. The authors examine the most frequently referenced threats, including wars between nations and civil wars within nations, and discuss the impact of rising nations, weapons proliferation, general unrest, transnational crime, and state failures. 

BOOK (2014) Winter of the Genomes by Larry Kilham

Author: Larry Kilham
Published: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 23 September 2014
218 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1500822057

NSA’s major computer center is being taken over by an international plot to control the world. Juno, the AI supercomputer revered by the free world is endangered, and Dr. Tom Renwick, Juno’s developer and handler, is kidnapped. Civilization as we know it is threatened. What to do?

In this fast-paced thriller, Tom’s super brain computer scientist son, Primo, is thrown into the fray. With a mysterious agent, Wildflower, and trustworthy officials in Washington, Primo strikes back. Their trail to Tom is through a hall of mirrors and continuous plot twists. It ends in an orbiting computer satellite.

This is the third volume in the Juno Trilogy of near-future science fiction stories. They describe the ascent of AI and robots through a series of episodes involving Dr. Tom Renwick, a brilliant computer scientist and his creation, Juno, a female AI super computer who is programmed with emotion and conscience.  

An informative article with graphics regarding HIV/AIDs facts by Healthline

Image: Wikipedia
Healthline just released an informative article with graphics regarding HIV/AIDs facts in the US and around the World.  The page details who is being effected and the cost of treatment.  You can check out the resource here:

This valuable, med-reviewed information shows the need to continue educating people on prevention and how to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Information supplied by Maggie Danhakl, Assistant Marketing Manager, Healthline, San Francisco, CA, USA

South African firms dragging their heels on Popi Act

Popi will compel companies to take
better care of personal data.
(Duncan Alfreds, Fin24)
Source: fin24, by Duncan Alfreds, 23 October 2014

Johannesburg - The implementation phase of the Protection of Personal Information Act is around the corner, but the majority of South African enterprises have not yet made an effort to comply with the legislation.

The act, also known as Popi, seeks to place restrictions on how companies handle personal data and guarantees the public the right to opt in to be contacted for specific marketing or promotional purposes.

Read full article 

Apple computer sells for record $905K in New York

Source:, 23 October 2014

One of the first Apple computers ever built has sold in New York for $905,000, leading Bonhams auction house to declare it the world's most expensive computer relic.

Read more  

VIDEO (2:06) Historical Manuscripts and University Archives - USM McCain Library and Archives

Cites & Insights 14:10 (October/November 2014) now available

The October/November 2014 issue of Cites & Insights (14:10) is now available for downloading at

Wearable tech lets boss track your work, rest and play - interesting and scary!

Source: NewScientist, by Aviva Rutkin, 20 October 2014

How will our lives change as more and more firms digitally monitor their employees' movements and health, at work and beyond. We're about to find out.

Read full article 

Google offers new email app dubbed Inbox

Source: BBC News, 23 October 2014

Google is revamping its email service with a new mobile app it is simply calling Inbox.

It is an attempt to reorganise overcrowded inboxes and ensure important emails are not overlooked.

Read more  

4-D Printer Makes Shape-Shifting Wood

Source: Discovery News, by Evan Ackerman, 21 October 2014

Just as 3-D printers create objects that have three-dimensional characteristics, 4-D printers create objects that have four-dimensional characteristics, in that they include a dynamic component that causes their structure to change over time - relying on water, heat, or light to activate them.

Read full article 

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

ARTICLE (2014) Innovative public library services – staff-less or staff-intensive?

Carl Gustav Johannsen, (2014) "Innovative public library services – staff-less or staff-intensive?", Library Management, Vol. 35 Iss: 6/7, pp.469 - 480


Several recent library innovations seem to make professional and clerical staff superfluous such as automated loan and delivery equipment, staff-less libraries open in 80 hours a week, and virtual services, enabling users to search the library catalogue and make reservations of library materials from their home address. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether such developments will necessarily lead to a situation where public libraries become self-service institutions or to what extent self-service and innovative staff-intensive library services can develop and co-exist. Furthermore, the paper will examine what challenges library leaders face and what they can do, and actually have done, to handle staff resistance and other related problems to the benefit of both the users, the local communities, and also, the staff, in particular, when introducing new and innovative services.

ARTICLE (2014) Exploring research data in Indian institutional repositories

Hanief Bhat Mohammad, (2014) "Exploring research data in Indian institutional repositories", Program: electronic library and information systems, Vol. 48 Iss: 2, pp.206 - 216

The purpose of this paper is to explore various types of research materials in Indian institutional repositories.

The repositories are identified from the Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). The repository sites were visited to collect the data necessary for the study.

ARTICLE (2014) QR Codes and library bibliographic records

Fei Xu, (2014) "QR Codes and library bibliographic records", VINE, Vol. 44 Iss: 3, pp.345 - 356


The purpose of this paper is to explore methods of producing Quick Response (QR) Code, its customization, artistic look and applications and elaborate the technique of generating QR Code for library bibliographic records.

ARTICLE (2014) Safety in numbers: developing a shared analytics service for academic libraries

Showers Ben, Stone Graham, (2014) "Safety in numbers: developing a shared analytics service for academic libraries", Performance Measurement and Metrics, Vol. 15 Iss: 1/2, pp.13 - 22


It is clear that libraries consider the use of data to inform decision making a top priority in the next five years. JISC's considerable work on activity data has highlighted the lack of tools and services for libraries to exploit this data. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of a shared analytics service for UK academic libraries and introduce the JISC Library Analytics and Metrics Project. The project aims to help libraries effectively management collections and services as well as delivering pre-emptive indicators and “actionable insights” to help identify new trends, personalise services and improve efficiencies, economies and effectiveness (student attainment and satisfaction and institutional reputation, for example). The project builds on the Library Impact Data Project at the University of Huddersfield and the work of the Copac Activity Data and Collections Management tools. The paper will deliver a case study of the project, its progress to date, the challenges of such an approach and the implications the service has for academic libraries.

ARTICLE (2014) WHAT'S NEW IN LIBRARIES: Innovation and rationalization to sustain the library’s future

Bruce E. Massis, (2014) "WHAT'S NEW IN LIBRARIES: Innovation and rationalization to sustain the library’s future", New Library World, Vol. 115 Iss: 5/6, pp.285 - 288.


The purpose of this paper is to suggest that librarians and libraries must demonstrate rationalization of, and innovation in, the library, with the goal of ensuring a sustainable future for both the profession and the institution.

In this paper, literature review and commentary on this topic have been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners.

ARTICLE (2014) A study of UHF-RFID data model construction in university libraries

Jing Guo, Qinling Huang, Jiayi Chen, (2014) "A study of UHF-RFID data model construction in university libraries: ", The Electronic Library , Vol. 32 Iss: 5, pp. -

Purpose: This paper puts forward a UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries, hoping to realize the opening, uniform, compatible and interoperable RFID application between different libraries and manufacturers. 

BOOK CHAPTER (2014) Merging large and complex library organizations

Anthony Molaro (2014), Merging large and complex library organizations, in Delmus E. Williams , Janine Golden (ed.) Advances in Library Administration and Organization (Advances in Library Administration and Organization, Volume 32) Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.265 - 306.

Libraries have faced many periods of grim economic realities. These periods of hardship have forced libraries to strive for more efficient organizational structures. Many of these improved organizational structures have been the result of mergers and/or consolidations. This phenomenological study describes the lived experiences of the merger design team of a large and complex library organization.

ARTICLE (2014) Whither the retention schedule in the era of big data and open data?

John McDonald, Valerie Léveillé, (2014) "Whither the retention schedule in the era of big data and open data?", Records Management Journal, Vol. 24 Iss: 2, pp.99 - 12.


This article, which is one of the products of an international collaborative research initiative called iTrust, aims to explore these questions and offer suggestions concerning how the issues they raise can be addressed.
The article describes the results of the first stage in a multi-stage research project leading to methods for developing retention and disposition specifications and formal schedules for open data and big data initiatives. A fictitious organization is used to describe the characteristics of open data and big data initiatives, the gap between current approaches to setting retention and disposition specifications and schedules and what is required and how that gap can be closed. The landscape described as a result of this stage in the research will be tested in case studies established in the second stage of the project.  

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Videos & Interviews from the European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning at Graz (16-19 Sep 2014)

The conference web site:

Short videos/interviews: Highlights from the conference 

UNESCO’s Overview of Information Literacy Resources Worldwide 2nd ed. 2014-2015

Horton, F. W. (2014) Overview of Information Literacy Resources Worldwide. 2nd ed. UNESCO.

To downnload this document, go to:

This multilingual document is in pdf and 670 pages long. 

Young adults found displaying symptoms of net addiction

Source: Medical Xpress, by Nancy Owano, 17 October 2014

In 2012, Allen Frances, MD, professor emeritus and former chair of the department of psychiatry at Duke University, cautioned that "Internet Addiction" could be the next new fad diagnosis, complete with "an exuberant trumpeting by newly minted 'thought leading' researchers and clinicians." So far, he said, the research on Internet "addiction" is "remarkably thin and not very informative." He cautioned that pictures showing the same parts of the brain lighting up during Internet use and drug use should not get viewers too excited, as they "light up non-specifically for any highly valued activity and are not indicative of pathology."

Read full article  

Kickstarter project – KEECKER – rolling robot entertainment center

Source:, by Bob Yirka, 17 October 2014

A new project on Kickstarter has gotten a lot of attention, it's the KEECKER, billed as The World's First HomePod, a rolling egg-looking robot that moves from room to room in a person's house, bringing personal entertainment functionality with it. The idea is that instead of having music players, television sets, etc. in multiple rooms, have just one that can be summoned to wherever you want.

Read full article (includes video)

See also Robots invade consumer market for work and play (, by Rob Lever, 8 October 2014) 

Gravity’s Magic: New Seafloor Map Shows Earth’s Uncharted Depths

Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Source: Universe Today, by Elizabeth Howell, 15 October 2014

Volcanoes! Seafloor spreading! Hidden ridges and mountains! These are the wonders being revealed in new maps of Earth’s sea floor. And no, it didn’t require a deep-sea dive to get there. Instead we got this information from a clever use of gravity (combining the data of two satellites making measurements from orbit.)

Read full article (and also find  out what Google plans to do with this data) 

New books - see LIS Trends on Pinterest

New books on Library and Information science, education, higher education, digitization, data mining, new technology and future were pinned. See LIS Trends on Pinterest:

Soccer Game Between Serbia and Albania Abandoned After Drone Buzzes Stadium

Source: The Wall Street Journal, 15 October 2014

A European Championship qualifying soccer match between Serbia and Albania came to an abrupt end on Tuesday evening after a drone flying an Albanian nationalist banner buzzed the stadium in Belgrade. Amid the confusion in the Serbian capital, Serbia defender Stefan Mitrovic pulled the flag down, sparking an on-field melee that forced the referee to call off the match after 41 minutes of play.

Read full article  

'Stop killer robots while we can'

A drone captures images outside the high court in Pretoria during the Oscar Pistorius trial

Source: Times Lives,  by Shaun Smillie & Jean Huisman, 16 October 2014

For a long time Hollywood has warned of killer robots turning on humans - now they're a reality and the UN is worried.


Christof Heyns, a Pretoria University professor and the UN's special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, spoke yesterday at a public lecture at the University of Johannesburg about his worries about the robotic revolution that has spawned drones and autonomous weapons systems.

Read full article  

BOOK (2014) Beyond 2020: A vision for tomorrow's India

Authors: APJ Abdul Kalam & YS Rajan
Published: Penguin Books, 15 October 2014
288 pages
ISBN-13: 978-0-143423393

In 1998, Dr Kalam and Y.S. Rajan published the now iconic India 2020, a vision document for the new millennium that charted how India could become one of the top five economic powers in the world by 2020. 

Sixteen years later, as the year 2020 approaches, it is time to take stock of how much India has achieved and what lies ahead. In many ways, India’s growth story in the twenty-first century has been hamstrung by missed opportunities and slowdowns in project execution; but it has also been marked by new opportunities and emerging technologies that make faster and more inclusive growth viable.

A renewed policy focus is now needed for agriculture, manufacturing, mining, the chemicals industry, health care and infrastructure to invigorate these sectors and boost economic growth, argue Kalam and Rajan. Alongside, education, job creation, emerging technologies, biodiversity, waste management, national security and the knowledge economy are some of the other vital areas that we need to build on as we look beyond 2020. India can still make it to the list of developed nations in a decade. Beyond 2020 provides an action plan for that transformation.  

For more information click here  

Better customer service via data

Source: The Data Roundtable, 16 October 2014

Phil Simon is writing about Better customer service via data and specifically refers to an article titled Here’s What Happens to Calls ‘Recorded for Quality Assurance’ at AT&T(Yahoo!, by James O'Toole, 15 September 2014). 
This article reports on the experimentation by AT&T with a new software system that transcribes customer calls: "The system can even detect customers' emotion, and it offers an interactive database that employees can query for insights on the kinds of calls they're getting."

Phil Simons also refers to geotagged tweets.  If you don't know about it, read Billions of Geotagged Tweets Visualized in Twitter's Amazing Maps (Mashable, by Alex Fitzpatrick, 31 May 2013).  

Saturday, October 18, 2014

BOOK (2014) Making Sense of Data I: A Practical Guide to Exploratory Data Analysis and Data Mining, 2nd Edition

Authors: Glenn J Myatt & Wayne P Johnson
Published: Wiley, July 2014
2nd edition
248 pages
ISBN: 978-1-118-40741-7

A proven go-to guide for data analysis, Making Sense of Data I: A Practical Guide to Exploratory Data Analysis and Data Mining, Second Edition focuses on basic data analysis approaches that are necessary to make timely and accurate decisions in a diverse range of projects. Based on the authors’ practical experience in implementing data analysis and data mining, the new edition provides clear explanations that guide readers from almost every field of study.

In order to facilitate the needed steps when handling a data analysis or data mining project, a step-by-step approach aids professionals in carefully analyzing data and implementing results, leading to the development of smarter business decisions.

For more information click here  

BBC to publish 'right to be forgotten' removals list

Source: BBC News, by Dave Lee, 17 October 2014

The BBC is to publish a continually updated list of its articles removed from Google under the controversial "right to be forgotten" rule.

The ruling allows people to ask Google to remove some types of information about them from its search index.

Read full article  

American scientists unearth lost 1960s polar satellite images worth billions

Source: Barents Observer, by James Thomson, 14 October 2014

A team of American scientists has recovered billions of dollars’ worth of “dark data” from the 1960s, pushing back the modern satellite record of sea ice extent by 17 years.

Read full article  

Russian Archaeologists Discover Cave Paintings Dated 3000 BC

Image: Wikicommons

Source: The Moscow Times, 14 October 2014

Russian archaeologists have discovered ancient cave paintings dating back to 3000 BC in a gorge in southern Russia, they said.

Read full article  

Dr Masaru Emoto [1943 - 2014]

Source: Amazon (biography) 

Masaru Emoto is an internationally renowned Japanese researcher who has gained worldwide acclaim. Emoto is a graduate of the Yokohama Municipal University's department of humanities and sciences with a focus on International Relations, and he receive certification as a Doctor of Alternative Medicine from the Open International University. 

Emoto's research has visually captured the structure of water at the moment of freezing, and through high-speed photography he has shown the direct consequences of destructive thoughts and the thoughts of love and appreciation of the formation of water crystals. The revelation that our thoughts can influence water has profound implications for our health and the well-being of the planet. 

Masaru Emoto has written many books, including the New York Times bestselling The Hidden Messages in Water, and his books have been published in twenty-four languages.

Dr Emoto passed away on 17 October 2014 

For more details, visit his Facebook page: 

BOOK (2012) Black Stars: African American Women Scientists and Inventors

 Otha Richard Sullivan, Jim Haskins (General Editor)
Published: Wiley, June 2012
160 pages
ISBN: 978-1-118-46639-1

Meet African american women of science and invention from the early years to modern Times
Patricia Bath, M.D.
Miriam E. Benjamin
Ursula Burns
Alexa Canady, M.D.
Jewel Plummer Cobb, Ph.D.
Ellen F. Eglin
Angela D. Ferguson, M.D.
Sara E. Goode
Evelyn Boyd Granville, Ph.D.
Dannellia Gladden Green, Ph.D.
Bessie Blount Griffin
Betty Wright Harris, Ph.D.
Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D.
Aprille Joy Ericsson Jackson, Ph.D.
Mae Jemison, M.D.
Marjorie Stewart Joyner, Ph.D.
Mary Kenner
Reatha Clark King, Ph.D.
Annie Turnbo Malone
Mildred Austin Smith
Valerie Thomas
Madame C. J. Walker
Jane Cooke Wright, M.D.
Roger Arliner Young, Ph.D.
Chavonda J. Jacobs Young, Ph.D.

For more information click here 

BOOK (2014) Risk Management in Student Affairs: Foundations for Safety and Success

Authors: Thomas E Miller & Roger W Sorochty
Wublished: Jossey-Bass, October 2014
272 pages
ISBN: 978-1-118-10091-2

A comprehensive, accessible guide to the policies and practices of risk management in higher education

Student affairs staff at all types of colleges and universities need to be equipped to help manage risk and protect their institutions, the people they serve, and their resources from unintended consequences. Risk Management in Student Affairs: Foundations for Safety and Success helps practitioners understand the sources of risk in their work, and the practices and strategies they can employ to help mitigate that risk.

Written for those without legal training, the book is accessible to new and mid-level professionals as well as students preparing to enter the profession. It teaches how to limit, control, and respond to risk in order to protect oneself and one's institution.

Click here to read more 

Friday, October 17, 2014

REPORT - Postgraduate student mobility trends to 2024

This report was published by the British Council in October 2014.

PREMISE: This report focuses on postgraduate mobility and builds upon the forecasts of two British Council forecasting reports, The shape of things to come: Higher education global trends and emerging opportunities to 2020 and The future of the world's mobile students to 2014. This research forecasts key drivers of student mobility and postgraduate student flows to 2024 and includes analysis of the largest inbound and outbound growth markets of the next decade.

To read this report click here [pdf;  44 pages]

ARTICLE (2014) Adoption of Web 2.0 in academic libraries of top African universities

H. Wordofa Kebede, (2014) "Adoption of Web 2.0 in academic libraries of top African universities", The Electronic Library, Vol. 32 Iss: 2, pp.262 - 277

This study aims to explore the extent of Web 2.0 adoption by libraries of top universities in Africa. It focuses on identifying the extent of utilization, types of Web 2.0 technologies adopted and how these technologies are used.

This study is mainly based on analysis of library websites. Web 2.0 platforms that were password protected and accessible through intranet were not studied. Therefore, studies that are based on feedback of librarians and patrons are warranted to further investigate Web 2.0 utilization in African libraries.  

ARTICLE (2014) Data authenticity and data value in policy-driven digital collections

Vasily Bunakov, Catherine Jones, Brian Matthews, Michael Wilson, (2014) "Data authenticity and data value in policy-driven digital collections", OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, Vol. 30 Iss: 4, pp. -

There has been considerable progress in the scalable architectures for policy-driven digital collection preservation as well as in modeling preservation costs. However, modeling the value of both digital artifacts and collections seems a more elusive topic that has yet to find a proper methodology and means of expression. We suggest an approach to data value considerations that is related to the generalized notion of authenticity and can be applied to the design of preservation policies. 

ARTICLE (2014) Curating print collections in the digital age

Sean Swanick, Jennifer Garland, (2014) "Curating print collections in the digital age", Collection Building, Vol. 33 Iss: 4, pp. -

As collection development in research libraries becomes increasingly homogeneous and ‘e-preferred’, it is our heritage collections that differentiate us and anchor the physical presence of our institutions. These valuable heritage resources, vital for teaching, researching, and learning are unfortunately too often inaccessible, uncatalogued, and ultimately undiscoverable. This paper focuses on the curation of special collections as a means of exposing hidden collections and discusses practical steps undertaken to highlight unique print materials in the digital age.

ARTICLE (2014) Digital collection development for unique users: a veterinary medicine library's approach

Derek Hunter Marshall , (2014) "Digital collection development for unique users: a veterinary medicine library's approach", Interlending & Document Supply, Vol. 42 Iss: 4, pp. -

The author presents analysis of collection development in a specialized collection given the demand for electronic or online content.
A review of research in digital collection development was conducted with particular emphasis on veterinary medicine or medical libraries. This article provides a critique of research on digital collection development as it pertains to a specialized collection from the perspective of a veterinary medicine librarian.

ARTICLE (2014) Library Instruction and Information Literacy 2013

Robert Detmering, Anna Marie Johnson, Claudene Sproles, Samantha McClellan, Rosalinda Hernandez Linares, (2014) "Library Instruction and Information Literacy 2013", Reference Services Review, Vol. 42 Iss: 4, pp. -

Provides a selected bibliography of recent resources on library instruction and information literacy.

Introduces and annonates English-language periodical articles, monographs, and oher materials on library instruction and information literacy published in 2013.

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Free online manga browsing helps sell printed publications

Source:The Japan News/Yomiuri Shimbun, 13 October 2014

MangaBox was launched in December last year by the major social media game producer DeNA Co. and three publishers, including Kodansha Co. Users can read each manga for free for a fixed period by using smartphone and tablet apps. At the moment, the magazine carries about 40 manga, which are read by more than 1 million people every week.


In March, a website called ComicWalker was launched by publishing house Kadokawa Corp., which has since integrated business with Dwango Corp. On the website, people can read about 200 manga for free, including such popular works as “Shinseiki Evangelion” (Neon Genesis Evangelion). The service provider’s goal is to gain a monthly readership of about 1 million.

Read full article

Open Images - Open Media Platform

Open Images is an open media platform that offers online access to audiovisual archive material to stimulate creative reuse. Footage from audiovisual collections can be downloaded and remixed into new works. 

Users of Open Images also have the opportunity to add their own material to the platform and thus expand the collection. Open Images also provides an API, making it easy to develop mashups. 

Access to the material on Open Images is provided under the Creative Commons licensing model.


Project Naptha - Highlight, Copy and Translate Text From Any Image

Project Naptha automatically applies state-of-the-art computer vision algorithms on every image you see while browsing the web. The result is a seamless and intuitive experience, where you can highlight as well as copy and paste and even edit and translate the text formerly trapped within an image.


Google unveils new Nexus TV, phone and tablet devices

The Nexus Player is made by Asus and can be used to run apps and games on a TV

Source: BBC News, by Leo Kelion, 15 October 2014 

Google has announced three new Android-powered, Nexus-branded devices, comprising a set-top box for TVs, a tablet and a smartphone.

The machines are all designed to showcase the forthcoming update to its operating system, codenamed Android Lollipop.

Read full article 

Print book retailing economics and ebook retailing economics have almost nothing in common

Source: The Idea Logical Company, by Mike Shatzkin, 7 October 2014

There has been a lot of conversation lately about the differences between wholesale pricing and agency pricing for ebooks and about what constitutes a “fair” division of revenue between publishers and retailers. Since the economics of bookstores have been generally misunderstood for years, it is not surprising that the understanding of what changes make sense as we switch to digital have also been misunderstood. A better grounding in the print book economic realities might enable a more informed discussion of what makes sense for digital.

Read more 

Embryonic Stem Cells Restore Vision In Preliminary Human Test

Source: NPR, by Rob Stein, 14 October 2014

Scientists are reporting the first strong evidence that human embryonic stem cells may be helping patients.

The cells appear to have improved the vision in more than half of the 18 patients who had become legally blind because of two progressive, currently incurable eye diseases.

Read full article  

VIDEO (1:00:19) Lee Van Orsdel -- "Reimagining the Academic Library" October 6, 2014