Friday, October 31, 2014

DARPA Open Catalog

The DARPA Open Catalog contains a curated list of DARPA-sponsored software and peer-reviewed publications.

DARPA sponsors fundamental and applied research in a variety of areas including data science, cyber, anomaly detection, etc., that may lead to experimental results and reusable technology designed to benefit multiple government domains.

More information: http://www.darpa.mil/OpenCatalog/index.html 

Keynote - Libraries as a Bridge: The Role of Libraries in Closing the Digital Skills Gap


Bobbi Newman delivered the keynote at the Lexington County Public Library this month. Her presentation is on Slideshare:

http://www.slideshare.net/librarianbyday/lexington-2014-a-bridge-across-the-divide-upload 

The Size of the Open Access Market

Source: The Scholarly Kitchen, by Joseph Esposito, 29 October 2014

This article discusses the  Simba Information’s recent report, “Open Access Journal Publishing 2014-2017." Espositi describes this report as "a clear-headed analysis of the business of OA."

Click here to read this post 

R2.8m new UP (University of Pretoria) website under scrutiny

Source: fin24, by Sheetal Schneider Cross, 31 October 2014

Pretoria - Staff at the University of Pretoria (UP) have complained that the new R2.8m website, costing an additional R200 000 hosting fee per month, has not yet gone live since March this year.

A staff member said: “It looks nice from the front - but the nightmare is on the back-end side when you want to make changes to the content etc. This is the place where it is unstable and is vulnerable because the platform is weak. It is also very slow as they are using inferior hosting and the website functionality is much harder to use than the existing one”.

Read more

Millions of websites hit by Drupal hack attack


Source: BBC News, 31 October 2014

Up to 12 million websites may have been compromised by attackers who took advantage of a bug in the widely used Drupal software.

Network of defibrillator drones could boost heart attack survival from 8% to 80%



Source: Next Big Future, 30 October 2014

Graduate student Alec Momont of TU Delft has designed an unmanned, autonomously navigating mini aeroplane that can quickly deliver a defibrillator to where it is needed. A network of such drones could significantly increasse the chance for survival following a cardiac arrest: from 8% to 80%.

Read full article

ChemSpider - database from The Royal Society of Chemistry

This powerful, award-winning database from The Royal Society of Chemistry provides fast access to over 30 million chemical structures and properties, as well as nearly unlimited links and related information.

Website: http://www.chemspider.com/  

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Lynn University - An iPad in Every Home

Source: Inside Higher Ed, by Carl Straumsheim, 30 October 2014

Lynn University's tablet initiative is spreading online - that is, its distance education programs will from next fall be delivered through tablets and at notably low prices.

Read full article 

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

The Future of Shopping has Arrived and its Name is OSHbot

Source: Lowe's, 28 October 2014

Lowe’s Innovation Labs introduces retail service robots to help customers shop smarter, navigate stores more efficiently, and instantly access information to confidently complete home improvement projects.

Read more (and watch video)

Samaritans app monitors Twitter feeds for suicide warnings

Source: BBC News, by Zoe Kleinman, 29 October 2014

The Samaritans charity has launched a new app which will notify Twitter users if people they follow on the site appear to be suicidal.

Read more (and watch video) 

Listen to online radio program: Designing libraries that are relevant in the digital age

This programwas aired CBC Radio (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Radio) on 20 October 2014.

With the huge amounts of information now available online, we take a look at how libraries are designing for the 21st century.

Even though it’s still weeks from opening, the new Halifax Central Library is getting lots of attention. And not just because of its 57 million dollar cost. It’s earned international attention as one of the top buildings of 2014.

It’s been years since a library of this size and importance was built in Canada. And perhaps… it’s no wonder. Much of the world’s knowledge has moved on to the internet. Books have shed their covers–and even their paper–as they slip onto e-readers.

To speak to why we still need libraries, we hear from architect Morten Schmidt, of Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects, based in Denmark. They’ve designed libraries around the world, including the new Halifax Central Library.

We also drop by the Edmonton Public Library’s award-winning main branch to speak to Deputy CEO Pilar Martinez.
Click here to listen to the program (27 minutes)

ARTICLE (2014) Adding knowledge cafés to the repertoire of knowledge sharing techniques

Authors: Pheladi T Lefika and Martie A Mearns

Source: International Journal of Information Management, volume 35, issue 1, February 2015, pages 26-32

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2014.09.005

Abstract: Knowledge cafés, a fairly new technique used to facilitate knowledge sharing, offer individuals within organisations the opportunity to interact on a face to face level with topics that are relevant to a particular organisation, and enhances knowledge transfer.

One of the major impediments of knowledge cafés is that, to date, there is limited literature concerning this knowledge sharing technique.

For this reason data was gathered through a Delphi study to investigate and discuss various aspects of knowledge cafés as used for the purpose of knowledge sharing.

The results of the study provide guidelines, advantages, disadvantages and similar techniques to knowledge cafés.

The core differences between knowledge cafés and world cafés are also highlighted.

Essentially it is the aim of this article to add knowledge cafés to the existing repertoire of knowledge sharing techniques by firstly reviewing literature on the existing techniques used for knowledge sharing and then elaborating on the value of knowledge cafés as a knowledge sharing application.

Research information management systems - a new service category?

Source: Lorcan Dempsey's Weblog, 26 October 2014

It has been interesting watching Research Information Management or RIM emerge as a new service category in the last couple of years. RIM is supported by a particular system category, the Research Information Management System (RIMs), sometimes referred to by an earlier name, the CRIS (Current Research Information System).

Read full article 

The new digital workplace: How enterprises are preparing for the future of work

Source: ZDNet, by Dion Hinchcliffe, 7 October 2014

As innovation in computing devices, apps, and potent new techniques for applying them proliferate in the consumer world, companies are struggling to close the gap.

Read full article - very interesting!

Restoration on unique Medusa mosaic almost finished

Source: The History Blog, 24 October 2014

The only surviving opus sectile mosaic of Medusa is finally being restored five years after its discovery in the ancient Odeon theatre of Kibyra, in southwest Turkey's Burdur Province.

Read full article

20th Century Death infographic - interesting bubble chart


Source: Cool Infographics, by Randy Krum, 14 October 2014

20th Century Death infographic from Information is Beautiful, visualizes the main causes of death during the 20th century by grouping each cause into general categories and then branching off more specifically.

Read more

Making it real: 3D printing as a library service

Title: Making it real: 3D printing as a library service

Author: Patrick Colegrove

Source: EDUCAUSE Review, 27 October 2914

Key Takeaways: (1) Findings from a University of Nevada, Reno, project indicate that higher education's need for 3D printing services could both substantial and broad-based across disciplines. (2) Users from across disciplinary and organizational boundaries quickly adopted a 3d printing service implemented in a UNR academic library, with the new printers operating at or near capacity throughout the service's first year. (3) Anecdotal observation suggests that 3D printer access directly enables deeper engagement with and construction of knowledge.

Click here to read full article 

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

ARTICLE (2014) The Information School at the University of Sheffield, 1963-2013

Melanie T. Benson, Peter Willett, (2014) "The Information School at the University of Sheffield, 1963-2013", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 70 Iss: 6, pp.1141 - 1158

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JD-03-2013-0040

The purpose of this paper is to describe the historical development of library and information science (LIS) teaching and research in the University of Sheffield's Information School since its founding in 1963.

The School has grown steadily over its first half-century, extending the range of its teaching from conventional programmes in librarianship and information science to include cognate programmes in areas such as health informatics, information systems and multi-lingual information management.

ARTICLE (2014) Viewpoint: Open access –a nail in the coffin of ILL

Mike McGrath, (2014) "Viewpoint: Open access –a nail in the coffin of ILL?: ", Interlending & Document Supply, Vol. 42 Iss: 4, pp.

The purpose of this article is to identify the arguments for the survival of ILL in an open access environment environment. This is one of the few (only?) articles to counter the widespread assumption 'that everything is free on the web' thus leading to the demise of ILL.

ARTICLE (2014) Look Good When You're Googled: Creating and Optimizing Your Digital Identity

Amanda Izenstark , (2014) "Look Good When You're Googled: Creating and Optimizing Your Digital Identity: ", Library Hi Tech News, Vol. 31 Iss: 9, pp. -

is paper describes techniques librarians can use to enhance their online presence so that students, patrons, researchers, and prospective employers can locate them easily. It is an extension of a presentation given at the Association of College and Research Libraries New England Chapter Annual Conference held in Worcester, MA on May 9, 2014.

ARTICLE (2014) The impact of library associations: preliminary findings of a qualitative study

Susan Henczel, (2014) "The impact of library associations: preliminary findings of a qualitative study: ", Performance Measurement and Metrics, Vol. 15 Iss: 3, pp. -

This paper provides an overview, including methodology and preliminary findings, of a current and ongoing doctoral research study of the impact of national library associations. The study uses the impact assessment framework provided by ISO16439:2014 Methods and procedures for assessing the impact of libraries.

Thursday, October 23, 2014

BOOK (2014) A Dangerous World?: Threat Perception and U.S. National Security

Editors: Christopher A Preble and John Mueller
Published: Cato Institute, 7 October 2014
224 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1939709400

In 2012, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey contended that “we are living in the most dangerous time in my lifetime, right now.” In 2013, he was more assertive, stating that the world is “more dangerous than it has ever been.” Is this accurate?

In this book, an edited volume of papers presented at the Cato Institute’s Dangerous World Conference, experts on international security assess, and put in context, the supposed dangers to American security. The authors examine the most frequently referenced threats, including wars between nations and civil wars within nations, and discuss the impact of rising nations, weapons proliferation, general unrest, transnational crime, and state failures. 

BOOK (2014) Winter of the Genomes by Larry Kilham

Author: Larry Kilham
Published: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 23 September 2014
218 pages
ISBN-13: 978-1500822057

Winter of the Genomes explores how humans will fit into an evolving ecosystem being impacted by artificial intelligence. We are entering the age of AI and robots when they could take as many as half the jobs industrialized countries. On the other hand, robots are also making inroads as lovable companions, and they don't eat, drink water, or create waste.

If populations drop due to pessimism about the economic future caused in part by robots and automation, as has started to be the case, the corresponding decline in energy demand will contribute to a significant reduction in global warming. Also, robots could be key to improving agricultural production thus helping to fend off a major global food crisis.

Available as a paperback and e-book on Amazon http://www.amazon.com/Winter-Genomes-Larry-Kilham/dp/1500822051  

An informative article with graphics regarding HIV/AIDs facts by Healthline

Image: Wikipedia
Healthline just released an informative article with graphics regarding HIV/AIDs facts in the US and around the World.  The page details who is being effected and the cost of treatment.  You can check out the resource here: 
http://www.healthline.com/health/hiv-aids/facts-statistics-infographic

This valuable, med-reviewed information shows the need to continue educating people on prevention and how to protect yourself and your loved ones.


Information supplied by Maggie Danhakl, Assistant Marketing Manager, Healthline, San Francisco, CA, USA
Website: www.healthline.com  

South African firms dragging their heels on Popi Act

Popi will compel companies to take
better care of personal data.
(Duncan Alfreds, Fin24)
Source: fin24, by Duncan Alfreds, 23 October 2014

Johannesburg - The implementation phase of the Protection of Personal Information Act is around the corner, but the majority of South African enterprises have not yet made an effort to comply with the legislation.

The act, also known as Popi, seeks to place restrictions on how companies handle personal data and guarantees the public the right to opt in to be contacted for specific marketing or promotional purposes.

Read full article 

Apple computer sells for record $905K in New York


Source: Phys.org, 23 October 2014

One of the first Apple computers ever built has sold in New York for $905,000, leading Bonhams auction house to declare it the world's most expensive computer relic.

Read more  

VIDEO (2:06) Historical Manuscripts and University Archives - USM McCain Library and Archives

Cites & Insights 14:10 (October/November 2014) now available

The October/November 2014 issue of Cites & Insights (14:10) is now available for downloading at http://citesandinsights.info/civ14i10.pdf

Wearable tech lets boss track your work, rest and play - interesting and scary!

Source: NewScientist, by Aviva Rutkin, 20 October 2014

How will our lives change as more and more firms digitally monitor their employees' movements and health, at work and beyond. We're about to find out.

Read full article 

Google offers new email app dubbed Inbox


Source: BBC News, 23 October 2014

Google is revamping its email service with a new mobile app it is simply calling Inbox.

It is an attempt to reorganise overcrowded inboxes and ensure important emails are not overlooked.

Read more  

4-D Printer Makes Shape-Shifting Wood

Source: Discovery News, by Evan Ackerman, 21 October 2014

Just as 3-D printers create objects that have three-dimensional characteristics, 4-D printers create objects that have four-dimensional characteristics, in that they include a dynamic component that causes their structure to change over time - relying on water, heat, or light to activate them.

Read full article 

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

ARTICLE (2014) Innovative public library services – staff-less or staff-intensive?

Carl Gustav Johannsen, (2014) "Innovative public library services – staff-less or staff-intensive?", Library Management, Vol. 35 Iss: 6/7, pp.469 - 480

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/LM-01-2014-0006

Several recent library innovations seem to make professional and clerical staff superfluous such as automated loan and delivery equipment, staff-less libraries open in 80 hours a week, and virtual services, enabling users to search the library catalogue and make reservations of library materials from their home address. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether such developments will necessarily lead to a situation where public libraries become self-service institutions or to what extent self-service and innovative staff-intensive library services can develop and co-exist. Furthermore, the paper will examine what challenges library leaders face and what they can do, and actually have done, to handle staff resistance and other related problems to the benefit of both the users, the local communities, and also, the staff, in particular, when introducing new and innovative services.

ARTICLE (2014) Exploring research data in Indian institutional repositories

Hanief Bhat Mohammad, (2014) "Exploring research data in Indian institutional repositories", Program: electronic library and information systems, Vol. 48 Iss: 2, pp.206 - 216

The purpose of this paper is to explore various types of research materials in Indian institutional repositories.

The repositories are identified from the Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). The repository sites were visited to collect the data necessary for the study.

ARTICLE (2014) QR Codes and library bibliographic records

Fei Xu, (2014) "QR Codes and library bibliographic records", VINE, Vol. 44 Iss: 3, pp.345 - 356

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/VINE-12-2013-0070

The purpose of this paper is to explore methods of producing Quick Response (QR) Code, its customization, artistic look and applications and elaborate the technique of generating QR Code for library bibliographic records.

ARTICLE (2014) Safety in numbers: developing a shared analytics service for academic libraries

Showers Ben, Stone Graham, (2014) "Safety in numbers: developing a shared analytics service for academic libraries", Performance Measurement and Metrics, Vol. 15 Iss: 1/2, pp.13 - 22

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/PMM-03-2014-0008

It is clear that libraries consider the use of data to inform decision making a top priority in the next five years. JISC's considerable work on activity data has highlighted the lack of tools and services for libraries to exploit this data. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of a shared analytics service for UK academic libraries and introduce the JISC Library Analytics and Metrics Project. The project aims to help libraries effectively management collections and services as well as delivering pre-emptive indicators and “actionable insights” to help identify new trends, personalise services and improve efficiencies, economies and effectiveness (student attainment and satisfaction and institutional reputation, for example). The project builds on the Library Impact Data Project at the University of Huddersfield and the work of the Copac Activity Data and Collections Management tools. The paper will deliver a case study of the project, its progress to date, the challenges of such an approach and the implications the service has for academic libraries.

ARTICLE (2014) WHAT'S NEW IN LIBRARIES: Innovation and rationalization to sustain the library’s future

Bruce E. Massis, (2014) "WHAT'S NEW IN LIBRARIES: Innovation and rationalization to sustain the library’s future", New Library World, Vol. 115 Iss: 5/6, pp.285 - 288.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/NLW-03-2014-0030

The purpose of this paper is to suggest that librarians and libraries must demonstrate rationalization of, and innovation in, the library, with the goal of ensuring a sustainable future for both the profession and the institution.

In this paper, literature review and commentary on this topic have been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners.

ARTICLE (2014) A study of UHF-RFID data model construction in university libraries

Jing Guo, Qinling Huang, Jiayi Chen, (2014) "A study of UHF-RFID data model construction in university libraries: ", The Electronic Library , Vol. 32 Iss: 5, pp. -

Purpose: This paper puts forward a UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries, hoping to realize the opening, uniform, compatible and interoperable RFID application between different libraries and manufacturers. 

BOOK CHAPTER (2014) Merging large and complex library organizations

Anthony Molaro (2014), Merging large and complex library organizations, in Delmus E. Williams , Janine Golden (ed.) Advances in Library Administration and Organization (Advances in Library Administration and Organization, Volume 32) Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.265 - 306.

Libraries have faced many periods of grim economic realities. These periods of hardship have forced libraries to strive for more efficient organizational structures. Many of these improved organizational structures have been the result of mergers and/or consolidations. This phenomenological study describes the lived experiences of the merger design team of a large and complex library organization.

ARTICLE (2014) Whither the retention schedule in the era of big data and open data?

John McDonald, Valerie Léveillé, (2014) "Whither the retention schedule in the era of big data and open data?", Records Management Journal, Vol. 24 Iss: 2, pp.99 - 12.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/RMJ-01-2014-0010

This article, which is one of the products of an international collaborative research initiative called iTrust, aims to explore these questions and offer suggestions concerning how the issues they raise can be addressed.
The article describes the results of the first stage in a multi-stage research project leading to methods for developing retention and disposition specifications and formal schedules for open data and big data initiatives. A fictitious organization is used to describe the characteristics of open data and big data initiatives, the gap between current approaches to setting retention and disposition specifications and schedules and what is required and how that gap can be closed. The landscape described as a result of this stage in the research will be tested in case studies established in the second stage of the project.